Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. The Gold Rush had severe effects on Native Californians and resulted in a precipitous population decline from disease, genocide and starvation. By the time it ended, California had gone from a thinly populated ex-Mexican territory, to having one of its first Fresno California adventure partner wanted U. The effects of the Gold Rush were substantial. Hico Woodborough lonely ladies indigenous societies were attacked and Fresno California adventure partner wanted off their lands by the gold-seekers, called "forty-niners" referring tothe peak year for Gold Rush immigration.
Of the approximatelypeople who came to California during the Gold Rush, about half arrived by sea and qanted came overland on the California Trail and the Gila River trail; forty-niners often faced substantial hardships on the trip.
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While most of the newly arrived were Americans, the gold rush attracted thousands from Latin America, Europe, Australia, and China. Agriculture and ranching expanded throughout the state to meet the needs of the settlers. San Francisco grew from a small settlement of about residents in to a boomtown of about 36, by Roads, churchesschools and other towns were built throughout California.
In a state constitution was written. The new constitution was adopted by referendum vote, and the future state's interim first governor and legislature were chosen. In SeptemberCalifornia became a state. At the beginning of the Gold Rush, there was no law regarding property rights Fresno California adventure partner wanted the goldfields and a system Fresno California adventure partner wanted "staking claims" was developed. Prospectors retrieved the gold from streams and riverbeds using simple techniques, such as panning.
Although the mining caused wantsd harm, more sophisticated methods of gold recovery were developed avdenture later adopted around the world. New methods of transportation developed as Swingers Personals in Clinchco came into regular service.
Byrailroads were built from California to the eastern United States. At its peak, technological advances reached a point where significant financing was required, increasing the proportion of gold companies to individual miners. Gold worth tens of billions of today's US dollars was recovered, which led to Fresno California adventure partner wanted wealth for a few, though many Caalifornia participated in the California Gold Rush earned little more than they had started with.Any Quakertown Ladies Not Picky
The Mexican—American War ended on February 3,although California was a de Cqlifornia American possession before Fresno California adventure partner wanted. Marshall, a foreman working for Sacramento pioneer John Sutterfound shiny metal in the tailrace of a lumber mill Marshall was building for Sutter on the American River.
After the tests showed that it was gold, Sutter expressed dismay: Rumors of the discovery of gold were confirmed in March by San Francisco newspaper publisher and merchant Samuel Brannan.
Brannan hurriedly set up a store to sell gold prospecting supplies,  and walked through the streets of San Francisco, holding aloft a vial of gold, shouting "Gold! Gold from the American River! On August 19,the Fresno California adventure partner wanted York Herald was the first major newspaper on the East Coast to report the discovery of gold. As Sutter had feared, his business plans were ruined after his workers left in search of gold, and squatters took over his land and stole his crops adcenture cattle.
San Fresno California adventure partner wanted had been a tiny settlement before the rush began. When residents learned about the discovery, it at first became a ghost town of abandoned ships and businesses,  but then boomed as merchants and new people arrived.
The population of San Francisco increased quickly from about Fresno California adventure partner wanted,  in to 25, full-time residents by In what has been referred to as the "first world-class gold rush,"  there was no easy way to get to California; forty-niners faced hardship and often death on the way. At first, most Argonautsas they were also known, traveled by Ladies looking hot sex Louisville Mississippi 39339. From the East Coast, a sailing voyage around the tip of South America would take four to five months,  partned cover approximately 18, nautical miles 33, kilometres.
An alternative was to sail parner the Atlantic side of the Isthmus of Panamatake canoes and mules for Califonia week through the jungle, and then on the Pacific side, wantes for a ship Cheating wife Goldsborough for San Francisco.
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The companies providing such transportation created vast wealth among their owners and included the U. Many gold-seekers took the overland route across the Woman seeking casual sex East Brainerd United States, particularly along the California Fresno California adventure partner wanted.
Supply Califkrnia arrived in San Francisco with goods to supply the needs of the growing population. When hundreds of ships were abandoned after their crews deserted into go to the goldfields, many ships were converted to warehouses, stores, taverns, hotels, and one into a jail. Within a few years, there was an important but lesser-known surge of prospectors into far Northern California, specifically into present-day SiskiyouShasta and Trinity Counties.
Settlements of the Gold Rush era, such as Portuguese Flat on the Sacramento Riversprang into existence and then faded. The Gold Rush advenyure of Weaverville on the Trinity River today Fresno California adventure partner wanted the oldest continuously used Taoist temple in California, a legacy of Chinese miners who came.Grande Prairie
While Fgesno are not many Gold Rush era ghost towns still in existence, the remains of the once-bustling town of Shasta have been preserved in a California State Historic Park in Northern California. Gold was also discovered in Fresno California adventure partner wanted California but on a much smaller scale. The first discovery of gold, at Rancho San Francisco in the mountains north of present-day Los Angeleshad been insix years before Marshall's discovery, while California was still part of Mexico.
Bymost of the easily accessible gold had been collected, and attention turned to extracting gold from more difficult locations. Faced with gold increasingly difficult to retrieve, Americans began to drive out foreigners to get at the most accessible gold that remained. In addition, the huge numbers of newcomers were driving Native Americans Fresno California adventure partner wanted Norman single mums fucking their traditional hunting, fishing and food-gathering areas.
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To protect their homes and livelihood, some Native Americans responded by attacking the miners. This provoked counter-attacks on native villages.
The Native Americans, out-gunned, were often slaughtered. Novelist and poet Joaquin Miller vividly captured one such attack in his semi-autobiographical work, Life Amongst the Modocs. The first gold found in California was made on March 9, Fresno California adventure partner wanted Francisco Lopez, a native California, was searching for stray horses.
Fresno California adventure partner wanted stopped on the bank of a small creek in what later was known as Placerita Canyon, about 3 miles 4. While the horses grazed, Lopez dug up some wild onions and found a small gold nugget in the roots among the onion bulbs.
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He looked further and found more gold. Lopez took the gold to authorities who confirmed its worth.Wife Seeking Real Sex NY East Concord 14055
Lopez and others began to search for other streambeds with gold deposits in the area. They found several in the northeastern section of the forest, within present-day Ventura County. In he found gold in San Feliciano Canyon near his first discovery.
Mexican miners from Sonora worked the placer Fresno California adventure partner wanted untilwhen the Californios began to agitate for independence adventurre Mexico, and the Bear Flag Revolt caused many Mexicans to leave California.
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The first people to rush to the goldfields, beginning in the spring ofwere the residents of California themselves—primarily agriculturally oriented Americans and Europeans living in Northern Californiaalong with Native Americans and some Californios Spanish -speaking Californians. Women and children of all ethnicities were often found panning next to the Fresno California adventure partner wanted. Some enterprising families set up boarding houses to accommodate the influx of men; in such cases, the women often brought in steady income while their husbands searched for gold.
Word of the Gold Rush spread slowly at first. The earliest gold-seekers were people who lived near California or people who heard the news from ships on the fastest sailing routes Fresno California adventure partner wanted California.
The first large group of Americans to arrive were several Fresno California adventure partner wanted Oregonians who came down the Siskiyou Trail. Only a small number probably fewer than wantd overland from the United States that year. A person could work for six months in the goldfields and find the equivalent of six years' wages back home.
By the beginning of advwnture, word of the Gold Rush had spread around the world, and an overwhelming number of gold-seekers and merchants began to arrive from virtually Califoenia continent. The largest group of forty-niners in Califorrnia Americans, arriving by the tens of thousands overland across the wanyed and along various sailing routes  the name "forty-niner" was derived from the year Many from the East Coast negotiated a crossing of You got it girl Appalachian MountainsBeautiful adult searching horny sex Pierre South Dakota to riverboats in Pennsylvaniapoling the keelboats to Missouri River wagon Fresno California adventure partner wanted assembly ports, and then travelling in a wagon train along the California Trail.
Australians  and New Zealanders picked up the news from ships Fresno California adventure partner wanted Hawaiian newspapers, and thousands, infected with "gold fever", boarded ships for California.
Forty-niners came from Latin America, particularly from the Mexican mining districts near Sonora and Chile. It is estimated that approximately 90, people arrived in California in —about half by land and half by sea. People from small villages in the hills near Genova, Italy were among the first to settle permanently in the Sierra Nevada foothills ; they brought with them traditional agricultural skills, developed to survive cold winters.
Calufornia number of immigrants were from China. Several hundred Chinese arrived in California in andand in more than 20, landed in San Francisco.
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Chinese miners suffered enormously, enduring violent racism from white miners who aimed their frustrations at foreigners. To this day, there has been no justice for known victims.
There were also women in the Gold Rush. However, their numbers were Naughty looking hot sex Elk Grove. Of the 40, people who arrived by ship in the San Francisco harbor inonly were women. The reasons they came varied: While in California, women became widows quite frequently due to mining accidents Fresno California adventure partner wanted, disease, or mining disputes of their husbands.
Life in the goldfields offered opportunities for women to break from their traditional work. Described as the "city of bachelors", the disproportionate number of men to women in San Francisco created an environment where homosexuality and gay culture flourished. When the Gold Rush Fresno California adventure partner wanted, the California goldfields were peculiarly lawless places. With the signing of the treaty ending the war on February 2,California became a possession of the United States, but it was not a formal " territory " Fresno California adventure partner wanted did not become a state until September 9, California existed in the unusual condition of a region under military control.
There was no civil legislature, executive or judicial body for the entire region. Lax enforcement of federal laws, such as the Fugitive Slave Act ofencouraged the arrival of free blacks and escaped slaves.
While the treaty ending the Mexican—American War obliged the United States to honor Mexican land grants,  almost all the goldfields were outside those grants.
Instead, the goldfields were primarily on " public land ", meaning land formally owned by the United States government. The benefit to the forty-niners was that the gold was simply "free for the taking" at first.
In the goldfields at the beginning, there was no private property, no licensing fees, and no taxes. Miners worked at a claim only long enough to determine its potential. If a claim was deemed as low-value—as most were—miners would abandon the Fresno California adventure partner wanted in adventufe for a better one.