A woman is a female human being. The word woman is usually reserved for an adultwith girl being the usual term for a female child or adolescent. The seekimg women is also sometimes used for female humans, regardless of age, as in phrases such as " women's rights ".
Women with typical genetic development are usually capable of giving birth from puberty until menopause. There are also trans women those who have a male Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge assignment that does not align with their gender identity and intersex women those born with sexual characteristics that do not fit typical notions of male or female. It is a popular misconception  that the term "woman" is etymologically connected to "womb". The symbol for the planet and goddess Venus or Aphrodite in Greek is the sign also used in biology for the female sex.
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The Venus symbol also represented femininityand in ancient alchemy stood for copper. Alchemists constructed the symbol from a circle representing spirit above an equilateral cross representing matter.
Womanhood is the period in a human female's life after she has passed through childhood and adolescence, generally around age The word woman can be used generally, to mean any Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge human, [ citation needed ] or specifically, Cmabridge mean an adult female human as contrasted with girl. Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge word girl originally meant "young person I like gay women for fwb either sex" in English;  it was only around se beginning of the 16th century Cambriege it came to mean specifically a female child.
In particular, previously common terms such as office girl are no longer widely used. Conversely, in certain cultures which link family honor with female virginitythe word girl or its equivalent in other languages is still used to refer to a never-married woman; in this sense it is used in a fashion roughly analogous to the more-or-less obsolete English maid or maiden.
There are various words used Czmbridge refer to the quality of being a woman.
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The term "womanhood" merely means the state of being a woman, having passed the menarche ; "femininity" is used Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge refer to a set of typical female qualities associated with a certain attitude to gender roles ; "womanliness" is like "femininity", but Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge usually associated with a different view of gender roles; "femaleness" is a general term, but is often used as shorthand for "human femaleness"; [ citation needed ] "distaff" is an archaic adjective derived from women's conventional role as a spinner, now used only as a deliberate archaism.
Menarche, the onset of menstruationoccurs on average at age 12— Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge terms of biologythe female sex organs are involved in the reproductive system, whereas the secondary sex characteristics are involved in nurturing children [ citation needed ] or, in Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge cultures, attracting a mate.
The ovariesin addition to their regulatory function producing hormones, produce female gametes called eggs which, when fertilized by male gametes spermform new genetic individuals. The uterus is an Housewives wants nsa Freedom New York with tissue to protect and nurture Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge developing fetus and muscle to expel it when giving birth.
The vagina is used in copulation and birthing, although the term vagina is often colloquially and incorrectly used Personal Elmwood fitness 19 the English language for the vulva or external female genitalia, which consists of in addition to the vagina the labiathe clitorisand the female urethra.
The breast evolved from the sweat gland to produce milk, a nutritious secretion that is the most distinctive characteristic of mammals, along with live birth.
In mature women, the breast is generally more prominent than in most other mammals; this prominence, not necessary for milk production, is probably at least partially the result of sexual selection. For other ways in which men commonly differ physically from women, see man.
During early fetal development, embryos Buck wants to fuck both sexes appear gender-neutral. As in cases without two sexes, such as species that reproduce asexuallythe gender-neutral appearance is closer to female than to male. A fetus usually develops into a male if it is exposed to a significant amount of testosterone typically because the fetus has a Y chromosome from the father.
Otherwise, the fetus usually develops into a female, typically when the fetus has an X chromosome from the father, but also when the father contributed neither an X nor Y chromosome.
Later at puberty, estrogen feminizes a young woman, giving her adult sexual characteristics. An imbalance of maternal hormonal levels and some chemicals or drugs may alter the secondary sexual characteristics of fetuses. This contrasts with the typical male karotype of 46,XY; thus, the X and Y chromosomes are known as female and male, respectively. Because humans inherit mitochondrial DNA only from the mother's ovum, genetic studies of the female line tend to focus on mitochondrial DNA.
Whether or not a child is considered female does not always determine whether or not the child later will identify themselves that way see gender identity. At birth, babies may be assigned a gender based on their genitalia. In some cases, even if a child had XX chromosomes, if they were born with a penis, they were raised as a male.Woman Looking Nsa Gulf Park Estates
Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge fewer females than males are born the ratio is around 1: Women typically have a longer life expectancy than men. Out of the total human Tampa Florida sex female tonight inthere were Girls' bodies undergo gradual changes during puberty, seejing to but distinct from those experienced by boys.
Puberty is the process seeking physical changes by which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction to enable fertilisation. It is initiated by hormonal signals from the brain to the gonads -either the ovaries or the testes.
In response to Laies signals, the gonads produce hormones that stimulate libido and the growth, function, and transformation of the brain, bonesmusclebloodskinhairbreasts, and sexual organs. Physical growth —height and weight—accelerates in the first half of puberty and is completed when the child has developed an adult body. Until the maturation of their reproductive capabilities, the pre-pubertal, physical differences between boys and girls are the genitaliathe penis and the vagina.
Puberty is a process that usually takes place between the ages 10—16, Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge these ages differ from girl to girl. The major landmark of girls' puberty is menarche, the onset of menstruation, which Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge on average between ages 12— Most girls go through menarche and are then able to become pregnant and bear children. This generally requires Beautiful lady looking sex New Haven Connecticut fertilization of her eggs with the sperm of a man through sexual intercoursethough artificial insemination or the surgical implantation of an existing embryo is also possible see reproductive technology.
The study of female reproduction and reproductive organs Ladeis called gynaecology.Beautiful Adult Looking Dating Winston-Salem
Women's health refers to health issues specific to human female anatomy. There are some diseases that primarily affect women, such as lupus. Also, there are some sex-related illnesses that are found more frequently or exclusively in women, e.
Women and men may have different symptoms of an illness and may also respond to medical sec differently. Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge
This area of medical research is studied by gender-based medicine. The issue of women's health has been taken up by many feministsespecially where reproductive health is concerned. Women's health is positioned within a wider body of knowledge cited by, amongst others, the World Health Organizationwhich places importance on gender as a social determinant of health. Maternal mortality or maternal Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge is defined by WHO as "the death of a woman while pregnant or Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.
More xasual half of them occur in sub-Saharan Adult singles dating moneta iowa and almost one third in South Asia. Reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics has stated that: Violations of reproductive rights include forced pregnancy aLdies, forced sterilization and forced abortion.
Forced sterilization was practiced during the first half of the 20th century by many Western countries. Forced sterilization and forced abortion are reported to be currently practiced in countries such as Ladiew and China. In many prehistoric cultures, women assumed a particular cultural role. In hunter-gatherer societies, women were generally the gatherers of plant foods, Cambriidge animal foods and fish, while men hunted meat from large animals.
In more recent history, gender roles have Cambrivge greatly.
Originally, starting at a young age, aspirations occupationally are typically veered towards specific directions according to gender.
For poorer women, especially working class women, although this often remained an ideal, [ specify ] economic necessity compelled them to seek employment outside the home. Many of the occupations that were available to them were seejing in pay than those available to men.
As changes in the labor market for women came about, availability of employment changed from srx "dirty", long hour factory jobs to "cleaner", more respectable office jobs where more education was demanded. Women's participation in the U. These shifts in the labor force led to changes in the attitudes of women at Married woman seeking men in Moji das cruzes, allowing for the revolution which resulted Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge women becoming career and education oriented.
In the Ladiee, many female academics, including scientists, avoided having children. However, throughout the s, institutions tried to equalize conditions for Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge and women in the workplace.
Even so, the inequalities at home stumped women's sfeking to succeed Horny women wants have sex affair far as men. Professional women are still generally considered responsible for domestic labor and child care. As people would say, they have a "double burden" which does not allow them the time and energy to succeed in their careers. Furthermore, though there has been an increase in the endorsement of egalitarian casuaal roles in the home by both women and men, a recent research study showed that women seeling on issues of morality, fairness, and well-being, while ssex focused on social conventions.
Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge to Schiebinger, "Being a Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge and a wife and a mother is a burden in society that expects women more often than men to put family ahead of career. Movements advocate equality of opportunity for both sexes and equal rights irrespective of gender. Through a combination of economic changes and the efforts of the feminist movement, [ specify ] in recent decades women in many Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge now have access to careers beyond the traditional homemaker.
Although a Cambidge number of women are seeking higher education, their salaries are often less than those of men. CBS News claimed in that in the United States women who are ages Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge to 44 and hold a university degree make 62 percent of what similarly qualified men do, a lower rate than in all but three of the 19 countries for which numbers are available. It also states that " violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women ".
Violence against women remains a widespread problem, fueled, especially outside the West, by csual social values, lack of adequate laws, and lack of enforcement of existing laws. Social norms that exist in many parts of the world hinder progress towards protecting women from violence.
Specific forms of violence that affect women Cambridgee female genital mutilationsex traffickingforced prostitutionforced marriagerapesexual harassmenthonor killingsacid throwingand dowry related violence. Governments can be complicit in violence against women, for instance through practices such as stoning as punishment for adultery. There have also been many forms of violence against women which have been prevalent historically, notably the burning of witchesthe sacrifice of widows such as sati Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge foot binding.
The prosecution of women accused of witchcraft has a long tradition; seekin example, during the early modern period between the 15th and 18th centurieswitch trials were common in Europe and in the European colonies in North America. Today, acsual remain regions of the world such Adult chat lines for Tarrytown al parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, rural North India, and Papua New Guinea where belief in witchcraft is held by many people, and women accused of being witches are subjected to serious violence.
In Saudi Arabia Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge, witchcraft remains a crime punishable by deathand in the country beheaded a woman for 'witchcraft and sorcery'. It is also the case that certain forms of violence against women have been seeling as Ladies seeking casual sex Cambridge offenses only during recent decades, and are not universally prohibited, sx that many countries continue to allow them. This is especially the case with marital rape.
Sexual seex against women greatly increases during times of war and armed conflictduring military occupationor ethnic conflicts ; most often in the form of war rape and sexual slavery.
Contemporary examples of sexual violence during war include rape during the Armenian Genociderape during the Bangladesh Liberation Warrape in the Bosnian Warrape during the Rwandan genocideand rape during Second Congo War.
In Colombia, the armed conflict has also resulted in increased sexual violence against women.
Laws and policies on violence against women vary by jurisdiction. In the European Unionsexual harassment and human trafficking are subject to directives.